May 19, 2022 6:42 pm

The Municipal Archive claims the historical figure of Dr. Juan Moraleda




Juan de Mata Moraleda and Esteban He was born on February 8, 1857. Tuesday will be the 165th anniversary of his birth in Orgaz, although with only one year his family would move to Toledo, the city where he died on April 29, 1929, at the age of seventy-two old, working as a doctor for the Municipal Welfare, in the Arrables area, until shortly before his death. A few days ago, the
Municipal Archive of Toledo
A new section of the website was posted, made up of 65 works, dated between 1883 and 1929, from the municipal collection and from the holdings of other Spanish libraries and archives. One way to vindicate the figure of this doctor, intellectual, writer, academic and benefactor who dedicated his life to others, not only from medicine, but also thanks to his tireless work for the city of Toledo and its history, which became known through the doctoral thesis carried out by Manuel Sanchez Calvo published by the Caja de Ahorro Provincial de Toledo in 1977.

Now, this work can be enjoyed virtually at the Municipal Archive, which is run by Mariano García Ruipérez, which highlights to ABC the importance of this historical figure for the city of Toledo. He explains that he was endowed with a very broad intellectual curiosity and a humanistic spirit that led him to develop an extensive and varied work, made up of more than six hundred studies including newspaper articles (nearly 500) and pamphlets and books (65), to which we must add unpublished manuscript texts, some of them are guarded in the Royal Academy of Toledo, of which he was an active member. Ruipérez defines him as the “Julio Porres of the time”, referring to the great historian of the city of Toledo.

In the
archive website
explains the connection John Moraleda with the City Council, which began during the cholera epidemic of 1884 in which he worked as a charity doctor, free of charge, between March and June of that year, supplying the doctor who was sick at the time. He would do it again in August 1890 for the same reason. Already on May 19, 1892, he would be appointed doctor of the Municipal Welfare of the 6th District (the one in the outskirts) with an annual salary of one thousand pesetas.

For thirty-seven years, from 1892 to 1929, he served as a doctor in charge of providing health care and medicine to the poor people of Toledo in his district. Over time he came to occupy the position of Head of Municipal Welfare. He was also a municipal health inspector, a member of the Historical and Artistic Monuments Commission of the Province, a member of several Spanish and foreign academies (being a founding member of the Toledo academy), a knight of the Royal and Distinguished Order of Carlos III, and an Official Chronicler. of the
Villa of Orgaz.

Now, in the 21st century, after experiencing another pandemic, the Municipal Archives wanted to pay tribute to this doctor who in another era also fought head-on against other diseases, such as cholera and the misnamed Spanish flu of 1918. Thus, compiled and digitized to disseminate all non-journalistic studies, published in pamphlets and books, by Juan Moraleda, thanks to the municipal collection, “notoriously improved with that formed by Luis Alba, and in the collections of other Spanish libraries and archives” . In total there are 65 works, from the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, referenced in the work of Manuel Sanchez Calvo that
they are collected ordered by the date of edition
. “The circulation of most of them was very short, barely a hundred copies in many cases, so their location has not always been easy,” they explain from the Archive.

See them

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