May 19, 2022 3:16 am

World Cancer Day: the importance of prevention and early diagnosis

The february 4 is celebrated on World Cancer Day, a date proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the International Union Against Cancer (UICC), which aims to raise awareness about prevention and frequent controls about this disease.

Cancer is a disease made up of a group of abnormal cells that grow uncontrollably within the body, giving rise to a tumor. Leukemia is an exception to this variant, since it does not present biological bodies in its composition.

When left untreated, the tumor or tumors can invade the tissues of the human body, causing metastasis and affecting the functioning of different organs.

According to studies by the International Center for Research on Cancer, currently:

The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), together with the WHO, has shown that in the Region of the Americas, cancer is the second cause of death. For the year 2020, they have been diagnosed 4 million people with some type of cancer and 1.4 million have died from this cause.

PAHO maintains that currently 57% of cancer diagnoses and 47% of deaths from this disease occur in people under 69 years of age.

In men, the most frequently diagnosed types of cancer are prostate (21.7%), lung (8.9%), colorectal (7.8%), bladder (4.5%), and melanoma of the skin ( 3.4%).

In women, most cancer diagnoses include: breast (25.4%), lung (8.5%), colorectal (7.9%), thyroid (5%) and cervical (3.8%).

As for the deaths of men with cancer, the most lethal are those of the lung, prostate, colorectal, liver and stomach. In women, those that cause the most deaths are those of the breast, lung, colorectal, cervix, and ovary.

The UICC states that almost 40% of cancers can be prevented through medical supervision and reduction of risk factors.

According to their studies with the WHO, they estimate that by 2040 this disease could increase its incidence by 60%, affecting the functioning of health systems. In America, this number could grow to 6.30 million cancer diagnoses a year within the next two decades.

The theme of 2022 comprehends raise awareness of inequalities that exist in society in the care of people suffering from this disease. It is intended to encourage the governments of the world to ensure the health rights of their citizens and provide support to those who need it.

On World Cancer Day, PAHO seeks to draw the attention of government entities to create prevention and early diagnosis campaigns of this disease. They also insist on the importance of guaranteeing treatment for all citizens and palliative care for those who require it.

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