May 18, 2022 6:30 pm

Conditions of aid to rehabilitate homes



One in four houses in Spain is over 50 years old. Approximately 55% of the 10 million buildings in our towns and cities were erected before 1980. In other words, almost 6 out of 10 are prior to the first regulation with energy efficiency criteria that had to be met.

Thus, it is not an exaggeration to state that much work remains to be done so that the Spanish housing stock is truly efficient, that is, it spends just enough to be energetically sustainable.

Aware of this reality, and with the aim of saving energy that contributes to a green energy transition, both the central administration and that of various autonomies have launched a series of financial aid for anyone who wants
change endowments
obsolete parts of your home, in order to save energy.

From window to refrigeration

The measures that can be taken are many. Perhaps the insulation of a roof or a façade, the elements through which more energy escapes from the floors, could be a matter of the homeowners’ communities, in charge of mobilizing to manage aid.

But there is also room for individual measures. The options range from the simplest (such as changing the boiler for a more efficient one or opting for category A appliances, which guarantee a percentage of savings in electricity and gas) to others that may involve work, such as changing the windows for cutting-edge models more insulation (thermal and acoustic), insulate ceilings and holes through which energy escapes, install solar panels when there is a single-family home or replace cooling/heating systems with more efficient new generation alternatives, such as aerothermal energy or geothermal.

In order to promote changes, the different administrations periodically announce aid and subsidies that alleviate, totally or partially, the economic burden that a remodeling that makes our building or home more sustainable can entail.

Of course, before having them, it is worth taking into account the conditions that entail those that are in force in this 2022.

Ministry of Ecological Transition

In the case of
state aid
, are generally intended for homeowners (whether single-family – isolated or grouped – and buildings). The owners can be individuals or legal entities, but at least 50% of the dwellings in the building or the single-family dwelling must constitute their habitual residence.

The general criteria require a reduction in the global annual energy demand for heating and cooling of between 20% for climatic zones (see graph) alpha, A and B (some Andalusian provinces, the Canary Islands and the Valencian Community above all), of 35% for C (Asturias, part of Galicia, part of the Basque Country, Catalonia, Extremadura, among others) and 45% for D and E (only in 4 provinces of Castilla y León).

Climatic zones of Spain governed by the technical building code.

In general, the aid from the Ministry covers 40% of the investment, although it can rise to 75% when income is less than three times the IPREM, the Multiple Effects Public Income Indicator (IPREM) used in Spain as a reference for granting of aid, subsidies or unemployment benefit. The IPREM for 2022 is 579.02 euros per month.

In average terms, for single-family homes the subsidies would be between 12,000 and 24,000 euros, while in buildings they will range from 8,000 euros per home to double in case of disability.

By Autonomous Communities

In addition to the state ones, different autonomous communities also offer aid.

The Andalusian Energy Agency offers different
for renewable energy for self-consumption (photovoltaic solar panels), storage and for thermal installations (thermal solar panels) in the residential sector. It also has grants for insulation, window renovation or placement of double windows, as well as for works that allow greater use of natural light in the home.

The Principality of Asturias facilitates the
for the incorporation of storage in self-consumption facilities, with existing renewable energy sources.

The IVACE (Valencian Institute of Energy) offers
self-consumption and storage with renewable energy sources and the implementation of renewable thermal systems in the residential sector.

The IGVS (Galician Institute of Housing and Land) has a program
for energy rehabilitation actions in existing buildings in municipalities with a demographic challenge, on a multi-year basis.

It should be noted that this aid is constantly updated and regional governments usually issue calls throughout their legislatures, so it is worth being vigilant because the trend is to promote ‘green’ change without posing an insurmountable economic challenge for many families.

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