Evaluate the division of Buenos Aires to promote federalism
When it was still latent division of the province of Buenos Aires Due to the separation of the City of Buenos Aires, designated Federal Capital of the Republic, in the southwest of the province of Buenos Aires, the idea of a new province with a capital in White Bay that included territories of Buenos Aires, La Pampa and Rio Negro, an idea based on the disconnection caused by distances and inspired by the creation of states to decentralize and generate progress in remote regions carried out in the United States.
The creation of South West Province came to the National Congress promoted by the national senator and former president Carlos Pellegrini, achieving in the year 1900 half sanction in the Senate, but did not obtain the necessary accompaniment in the Chamber of Deputies. The idea was perpetuated over time through the newspaper “La Nueva Provincia” but its realization was diluted in history. History seems to have proved right those who sought to avoid the centralization of power, inhabitants and development in a small territory of Buenos Aires in particular and Argentina in general..
In this regard, the political scientist Andrés Malamud (Universidad de Lisboa) argues that the province of Buenos Aires affects Argentines for having an excessive size compared to the size of the country and Buenos Aires for the disproportions and inconsistencies of its demographic development and administrative organization. In the same sense, the work done by Stephen Bullrich from the New Generations Foundation: A New Buenos Aires, to Renew the National Union Pact reflecting from the title how the Mega Province that we have forged has ceased to be a problem for the people of Buenos Aires to be a problem for all Argentines.
There is a growing consensus on how the mega province of Buenos Aires weakens the Federal organization imposed in the National Constitution, prevents the homogeneous development of the Nation and centralizes political power. Even former Governor Daniel Scioli recognized it, considering it “unfeasible” when he supported the regionalization project proposed by Santiago Montoya, an initiative that could solve the internal issue but would not remedy the problem in the national context. In order to remedy both problems, the political scientist Andrés Malamud proposed to divide it into 2 or 3, the economist Lucas Llach and the Justicialist leader José Ottavis into 3, and Esteban Bullrich proposed to create 5 provinces.
Each of the division projects mentioned has its positive and negative issues, as well as emotional ones according to our city of origin or residence. Faced with this situation, in order to order and study accurate data and qualified opinions I believe it is convenient to institutionalize the debate through the bodies and procedures established in the Provincial Constitution, implementing by Law an “Evaluation Protocol for the Creation of new Provinces in the Territory of Buenos Aires” which basically has three axes that would be conditioned based on the result of the previous stage: Bicameral Commission, Popular Consultation and Legislation to create new provinces.
The current mega Buenos Aires constitutes a centralized, bureaucratized state organization, incongruously organized, oversized, with structural flaws, without its own identity and a very high maintenance cost.
Speaking of creating new provinces logically raises concerns about the public spending that it could bring to taxpayers, given this concern, the first thing we must do is recognize that the current mega Buenos Aires constitutes a centralized, bureaucratized, incongruously organized, oversized state organization, with structural flaws, without its own identity, and a very high maintenance cost.
The solution cannot fall into the error of replacing a mega province with several with the same defects.Therefore, we propose that the Bicameral Commission have the following parameters to evaluate potential new provinces: Geographic integration, demographic homogeneity, historical identity, economic sustenance and the lowest possible tax burden for subsistence and absorption and use of both state infrastructure and pre-existing human resources.
A historic and transcendental decision such as the formation of new provinces, in addition to the joint work of deputies and senators with technical and academic support, must have the support of the citizenry by carrying out a Referendum, which we propose to be carried out through a Single Ballot and jointly with the general elections so as not to generate extra expenses.
The objective of having reasonable provinces that balance federalism, decentralize political power, reduce public spending and bring the rulers closer together deserves that we begin to seriously debate in constitutional areas in an open and democratic manner.
Deputy of the province of Buenos Aires (Juntos-UCR)