May 14, 2022 11:28 am

Forty years, and Malvinas?

Next April 2 will commemorate the 40th anniversary of the Malvinas War, an absurd war, but one that left the blood of heroes spilled on our islands, that fertilized the land and will undoubtedly allow the full sovereignty that corresponds to us to flourish and that so much we Argentines long for.

Recent statements by the Secretary of Defense of the United Kingdom, Ben Wallace, added to other voices from that country, rekindle tensions and call us to reflect on what we are doing in honor of our history of ownership, possession and in memory of our heroes , as well as in compliance with the First Transitory Provision of the National Constitution.

The English official said that Great Britain will defend the islands from “the thugs” around the world, no matter how far away they are, in an act for the so-called “Margaret Thatcher Day”. In that context, he assured: “Our enemies must not doubt Britain’s determination to stand up to the thugs, defend those who cannot defend themselves and our values.” In his speech, he stated that the war that took place in 1982 should be a reminder to the United Kingdom that its population can be “threatened from any direction and at any time”, a situation that makes it essential to invest and equip its troops for a possible new war.

These very serious statements, a clear example of what “a thug” is, give a basis for the military equipment that the United Kingdom has been making in the South Atlantic, a situation that has been constantly denounced in various international forums and that is not accepted by the properly civilized world.

Argentina must assume a firm role within the path of peace to defend the sovereignty of our sea, our islands, our resources and the demilitarization of the South Atlantic, especially the nuclear force. This cannot remain mere declarations, but concrete actions must be carried out within the jurisdictional and sovereign powers that the country has and that international and national regulations allow us, as well as carrying out with political decision a project of a new strategic vision where the sea assumes a leading role.

It is necessary, among several measures, to deploy our fishing fleet, subsidizing it so that it competes on the high seas in an imaginary curtain-type line at the limit of 200 nautical miles, coexisting with pirate fleets, thus defending our fish resources by generating direct competition, making it economically unfeasible for those who come to steal our schools to stay in that place. Strengthen the logistics of control, support for our fleet and sanction illegal fishermen with the collaboration of the new OPS ships that are operating in the Navy, as well as provide other ships of immediate national construction to cover these needs together with the Naval Prefecture . Boosting the shipbuilding industry is part of the way.

In the diplomatic sphere, it is essential to deepen the space for dialogue with the coastal countries of the South Atlantic, both on the American and African continents, and develop a doctrine with scope for international compliance that establishes: “The South Atlantic for the peoples of the South”, similar to what was the Monroe Doctrine “America for Americans”. This will allow the zone of collaboration and peace already declared by the United Nations at the time, to be used in scientific collaboration and peace between the southern coastal countries, forcing the emigration of countries that do not belong to it, as is the case of the United Kingdom. In 1986, by United Nations Resolution 46/11, the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone (Zpcas) was declared. Other subsequent resolutions underpinned this position and recently a new UN Resolution highlights the function of the Zpcas as a forum for increased interaction, coordination and cooperation between its member states.

There are organizations created in our country that should be discussing these things in depth and within the framework of national defense, but we do not see this happening. Only occasional official communiqués are seen and what is more delicate, there are appointments of members of those organizations that have public positions contrary to the Constitutional mandate (according to a detailed investigation carried out by Dr. Cesar Augusto Lerena). Let us remember that the Magna Carta reads: “The Argentine Nation ratifies its legitimate and imprescriptible sovereignty over the Malvinas, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands and the corresponding maritime and insular spaces, as they are an integral part of the national territory. The recovery of these territories and the full exercise of sovereignty, respecting the way of life of its inhabitants, and in accordance with the principles of international law, constitute a permanent and inalienable objective of the Argentine people.

For the memory of our heroes who gave their lives on the Islands, for those who have worked tirelessly to recover full sovereignty, for those of us who keep the fire of our Argentine identity alive, for the future of the people, may these 40 years find us Argentines united in this demand to carry out concrete actions to defend our natural resources and recover the fullness of our sovereignty in the Southwest Atlantic, since not only the islands have been usurped, but the British have extended to almost one million seven hundred thousand kilometers squares of sea, which allows them to extend their colonial arm over the Strait of Magellan and the lands of the Antarctic continent. We must fight the battle on all fronts, except for war, since we have the responsibility to contribute to world peace and harmony.

Lawyer, graduate in international relations, general secretary of the Christian Democratic Party CAB

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