May 18, 2022 10:06 pm

Macro farms in Spain: how many are there, where are they and how many workers do they employ?



The interview of Alberto Garzon in the British newspaper ‘The Guardian’ has generated a wave of criticism and the opening of a national debate on large intensive farms -popularly known as ‘macrogranjas’– and the quality of the meat they export and the welfare of the animals, questioned by the Minister of Consumption.

His words provoked unanimous rejection of the main organizations in the sector (Asaja, COAG and UPA), from employers such as the Meat Business Association and the Business Federation of Meat and Meat Industries, from economic agents and from a good part of the opposition, which demands his resignation. Likewise, several of his Executive colleagues have chosen not to support him, the case of Luis Planas being especially striking

, responsible for Agriculture.

How many macro farms are there in Spain?

As it is not a term of official use, each autonomous community defines what they consider a macro farm, so there is no official data on how many there are in Spain.

Even so, between the data handled by the different organizations and the European State Register of Emissions and Pollutant Sources (PRTR), it is estimated that there are 3,780 extensive farms, which are broken down between 3,235 pigs and 550 poultry; five of them include both types of animals, hence the total number is not 3,785. They account for 53% of the 7,100 industrial complexes registered by the PRTR.

According to the Comprehensive Animal Traceability System (SITRAN) in Spain there are more than 60 million animals among a total of 969,193 livestock farms of different sizes. In addition, it is noteworthy that in the last six years the number of animals in these spaces have increased by three million, although there are 11,000 fewer farms than in 2015.

The map of macro farms in Spain

An investigation by Efeagro indicates that the three main autonomies with poultry or pig macro-farms are in Aragon (922), Catalonia (856) and Castile and Leon (582). Regarding dairy cattle, of the 115 large dairies, 32 are in Catalonia, 19 in Castilla y León, 12 in Castilla-la Mancha and 11 in Navarra. Finally, they indicate that the largest farms for suckler cow cattle are in Castilla y León (1,268) and Extremadura (1,157).

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