How long do you recommend waiting before doing sports again if you had Covid
Many Argentines became infected with coronavirus in recent days due to the high-speed movement of the omicron variant. Last week the barrier of 100,000 cases per day was surpassed and yesterday 131,082 infected were registered in a single day in the country.
In this context, once the virus is over, and when returning to normal activity, many wonder what prevention measures should be taken into account before returning to physical activity.
“As a general recommendation, in a mild positive case of Covid, it is advisable to wait 15 days before gradually resuming physical activity. It is essential that the patient talks to their GP so that you can determine what type of studies are recommended in your particular case, “he explains. Laura Vitagliano, cardiologist specializing in sports medicine and member of the Cardiovascular Institute of Buenos Aires (ICBA) a THE NATION.
Vitagliano understands that there was a change to the omicron variant and that, therefore, cases of myocarditis, pericarditis and other electrocardiographic disorders that can mean an arrhythmia with the current strain are not being seen. “The previous strain was much more serious since hospitalization cases were more feasible. The current strain, in most patients, occurs within a viral frame“Says the cardiologist.
In addition, it highlights the importance of consult a doctor before returning to physical activity to determine which studies are recommended in each case: “If symptoms appear, physical activity should be stopped, return to rest, and speak with a cardiologist to see if laboratory studies are necessary.”
And he adds that it is recommended gradually resume activity.
Among the complications that the infected can suffer is myocarditis, the inflammation of the heart muscle. “In patients with Covid, the incidence of cardiac repercussions is low. In a small percentage of cases, the virus can cause myocarditis and in those patients with greater complications (generally hospitalized) it can also cause thrombotic phenomena ”, he explains. Jose Luis Navarro Estrada, former president of the Argentine Society of Cardiology (SAC) and a cardiologist at the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires.
“To patients who did not have complications and do light exercise (training, jogging or cycling), We ask that you try not to resume this activity during the three months later. In the meantime, an electrocardiogram and Doppler echocardiogram are performed, and it is recommended, although not essential, to do an exercise test to see how the exercise capacity is, ”says the cardiologist and clarifies that it is a general recovery recommendation that can be adjusted on a case-by-case basis.
In addition, he explains that “in individuals who want to resume a competitive sporting activity, the three months are maintained, but exercise evaluation is essential before gradually returning to training.”
Elena Obieta She is an infectologist and Head of the Communicable and Emerging Diseases Service of the Municipality of San Isidro. “To do high-performance sports we require some special tests such as an echocardiogram or a walking test. But those who are not high performance athletes, once they are discharged from the clinic, after being seen by a doctor and without having had pneumonia or problems with saturation or lack of air after exercise, they can now start to play sports progressively. It is important to start small and gradually increase the amount of exercise, “he says.
Ricardo Teijeiro, infectologist at Hospital Pirovano and member of the Argentine Society of Infectious Diseases (SADI), adds: “The need to avoid sports depends on the extent of the disease. If you’re asymptomatic or have mild symptoms, you don’t need to avoid it. But an athlete with a respiratory condition will have to be controlled by a doctor who will discharge him before returning to sports ”.