January 18, 2022 10:28 pm

They denounce that 114 people died last year at the hands of police in Buenos Aires

Luciano Olivera was 16 years old when he died of a shot to the heart. Minutes earlier, he had dodged a checkpoint in Miramar with the motorcycle and officer Maximiliano González pursued and killed him. That same night, but in General Rodríguez, Agustín Méndez, 15, was also traveling on a motorcycle and was also escaping because the friend who was driving did not want to brake at a vehicle control: there were no shots, only the fatal impact of Agustín against the patrol car. The following night, Facundo Galván, another 16-year-old boy, had as much fun as he could at a party in the San José neighborhood of Almirante Brown until he argued with the son of the prefect Eber Villanueva. Dressed in civilian clothes and with a different weapon than the regulation, Villanueva murdered Galván with a lead to the chest and another to the buttock.

The events occurred between December 10 and 11, that is, in just 24 hours. It was not an aberrational coincidence, but rather situations that could be considered, due to their repetition, a police routine that includes illegal, violent and excessive interventions.

According to the latest registry of the Provincial Memory Commission (CPM), 114 people died in Buenos Aires territory throughout 2021 at the hands of a member of the security forces. The figure will increase because there is still a lack of information from different state agencies. Meanwhile, another 20 died in police stations in the province, that is, in state custody.

Luciano Olivera, the 16-year-old who was shot in the chest by a policeman,Kindness: 0223

“The reasons behind these deaths are many, it is a complex problem that is not addressed as such from the public policies that are implemented, mainly due to ideological issues and a lack of a human rights perspective. If the criminal policy is not changed, these events will continue, “he warned. Roberto Cipriano García, secretary of the CPM.

García, who is also a lawyer and social psychologist, believes that the main mistake is to think about criminal policy from “punitivism, the growth of the penal system, the police saturation of the territories as a response to street crime and the selective persecution of young people. that inhabit the materially poorer neighborhoods ”.

Garcia’s reading is based on data. The agency’s survey identified that the victims, in addition to belonging to poor neighborhoods, are usually male (93%) and young (38% were between 21 and 30 years old and another 33.7%, between 11 and 20 years old). “The current conception – added García – ignores that the Buenos Aires police are structurally corrupt, that they regulate crime in the territories and that it is a deprofessionalized force that cannot prosecute any complex crime, much less those of ‘white collar’. Since this is a political decision and that officials with speeches that exacerbate the war against crime or celebrate these deaths of ‘criminals’ and enable these police violence are also responsible “.

“Add fuel to the fire”

The number of deaths due to the lethal use of the public force in the province of Buenos Aires has remained constant in recent years. There were 127 cases in 2020; 144 in 2019; 120 in 2018; 121 in 2017, and 110 in 2016.

The situation in prisons is also critical. During the past year, 193 people died in prisons and wardens of the Buenos Aires Penitentiary Service (in a still provisional record), surpassing the “record” of the year 2020 with 178 deaths. Currently, more than 54,000 people are housed in the provincial prison system, causing an overcrowding in prisons of 110%, and 268% in police stations.

The death of Luciano Olivera generated incidents in Miramar
The death of Luciano Olivera generated incidents in MiramarTélam News Agency

“Extreme overcrowding and overcrowding and prison or police governance through violence, torture and degradation, which are common and systematic in these areas, cause serious human rights violations and the breach of the constitutional obligation to re-educate or re-socialize people. detained persons. Prisons and police stations are warehouses for the poor, ”García lamented, noting:“ Faced with these serious human rights violations, the only government proposal is the construction of penitentiary places and the incorporation of thousands of police officers, a recipe that has already been demonstrated in the world, and also in Argentina, that it will not resolve the issues described, on the contrary, it will only expand this penal system in worse conditions. It is like putting fuel on the fire ”.

Among the urgent and “momentary” measures to prevent the spread of more deaths by the security forces, the CPM proposes to strengthen and give greater autonomy to the Internal Affairs Audit, equip it with representatives of human rights organizations and remove it from the orbit of the Ministry of Security.

“The corporate protection of those who commit crimes must also cease to exist, who are even defended by lawyers from the institution itself. The police state must also be eliminated. The officer who ends his working day must leave the weapon at the police station and not carry it off duty. This would cut the current figures by almost half. In other countries where it works in this way, it has generated better results ”, concluded García.

Seven out of 10 officers involved in deaths were off duty

The records of the Provincial Memory Commission (CPM) on cases of lethal use of the public force revealed that between 2016 and 2020 the total number of victims at the hands of a security force amounted to 622 cases – they are not taken into account the 114 deaths registered during the past year, since the different statistical fields that originate from the annual number of homicides are still being evaluated – which implies, on average, 12% of the 5071 intentional homicides that occurred in the province of Buenos Aires in that period. It also served to identify circumstances that recur over the years.

The members of the CPM were able to establish that 90% of the victims of the lethal use of the public force were killed with the regulation firearm, that is, the 9 mm pistol that is provided by the State.

67% of those deaths were caused by off-duty police officers. This means that most cases of lethal use of force occur at times when officers are outside of their working hours.

They ask for justice for Luciano Olivera
They ask for justice for Luciano OliveraTelam

While, 70% of these homicides were caused by defending material goods, mostly from the uniformed men themselves. The conclusion is that in these cases the defense of the policeman’s property prevailed over the value of the victim’s life. Only 1% occurred in contexts where the life of another person was at risk: just six deaths in five years.

For researchers, the record of 22 femicides committed by members of the police forces. Of the femicides, 18 were on duty.

The statistical information released by the CPM indicates that there was at least one death in 55 of the 135 Buenos Aires municipalities. In addition, in the 24 districts that make up the suburbs, there was a victim of lethal use of the police force. Most of the deaths were caused by Buenos Aires police officers, but these were not the only uniformed men who made a lethal use of force in that provincial territory. 68% of the homicides were committed by Buenos Aires police officers. In total, perpetrators from seven security forces were registered.

That information originated from the 127 deaths reported in 2020; 144 in 2019; 120 in 2018; 121 in 2017, and 110 in 2016.

Reference-www.lanacion.com.ar

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