January 24, 2022 1:53 pm

COP26, forced displacement, migrants in Belarus, protests in Cuba … Thursday’s news

Delegates to the Climate Change Conference negotiate a final agreement that must be signed by almost 200 countries. The president of the COP26 he warns that “time is running out” and that there needs to be progress in financing for the poorest countries.

“We have not reached agreement on the most critical points. There is much more work to be done and the conference ends tomorrow night. Time is running out, ”said Alok Sharma.

One of the most intricate issues is aid to developing countries. Rich countries have not contributed $ 100 billion annually, as promised, for poor and middle-income countries to modernize their energy systems and adapt to climate change. This year, the creation of another fund is being promoted, known as “loss and damage”, to compensate for the irreparable damage of climate change in the countries that have contributed the least to the problem, something that rich countries have blocked for years.

Sharma said negotiators are “rolling up their sleeves” to get to work hard and he will meet with all parties to discuss matters related to finances and Article 6 of the draft agreement, which deals with carbon markets and how countries balance their use of fossil fuels.

Financing negotiations really need to be sped up and they must be accelerated now, “he said.

The president welcomed the joint statement of China and the United States, pledging to collaborate against climate change, but said that he was looking for an agreement between almost 200 countries that would allow the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees to be kept alive.

The General secretary The UN also welcomed the statement and called on negotiators not to settle for the “lowest common denominator.” “All countries, all cities, all companies and all financial institutions must reduce radically, credibly and verifiably your emissions and decarbonize your portfolios from now on”Said António Guterres.

The number of forcibly displaced people in the world stands at 84 million

© UNHCR / Felipe Irnaldo

Venezuelan refugee families arrive at a UN shelter in Tarumã-Açu, in Manaus, northern Brazil.

The number of forcibly displaced people rose to 84 million in the first half of the year, mainly due to the increased conflict in Africa.

The figure includes people who have fled conflict, violence and climate change and are both within their country and elsewhere. Are 1.6 million more than at the end of 2020. Of them, the majority, 51 million are in their own country.

The number of refugees in countries other than their own also grew in the first half of 2021; the figure reached almost 21 million, which is 172,000 more than at the end of 2020. UNHCR does not include the nearly six million Palestinians who are under the mandate of UNRWA.

The majority of people who have obtained refugee status come from African countries, such as the Central African Republic (71,800), South Sudan (61,700) and Nigeria (20,300), in addition to Syria (38,800) and Afghanistan (25,200) and Nigeria (20,300). ).

In the same period, there were 92,100 newly displaced Venezuelans in Latin America and the Caribbean. Another 16,100 Venezuelans were recognized as refugees.

Venezuelans are the second group, only behind Syrians, with the most people displaced outside their country.

UN agencies bring aid to migrants trapped at the Belarusian-Polish border

Red Cross personnel bring humanitarian aid to migrants trapped on the Belarusian-Polish border.

Red Cross

Red Cross personnel bring humanitarian aid to migrants trapped on the Belarusian-Polish border.

In Belarus, UNHCR and the International Organization for Migration, together with the Red Cross, have managed to bring aid to the thousands of people stranded at the border.

“The priorities now are to prevent loss of life and move people to safer places in Belarus,” said the High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi on his Twitter account.

Grandi thanked the authorities for access and offered the collaboration of his agency to find solutions to the situation of some 2,000 people trapped between the two borders enduring freezing temperatures.

Diabetes triggers mortality from COVID-19 in Africa

A 54-year-old man with type 2 diabetes in Nigeria with his right foot amputated

OMS / Andrew Esiebo / Panos Pictures

A 54-year-old man with type 2 diabetes in Nigeria with his right foot amputated

Death rates from COVID-19 are much higher in diabetes patients in Africa, where the number of people with the disease is growing rapidly.

An analysis of the World Health Organization of data from 13 African countries revealed a fatality rate of 10.2% in COVID-19 patients with diabetes, compared to 2.5% overall.

“The fight against the diabetes epidemic in Africa is, in many ways, as critical as the battle against the current pandemic,” Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa, said in a statement.

It is estimated that 70% of people with diabetes on the continent are unaware that they have the disease. According to forecasts by the International Diabetes Federation, the number of people with diabetes in Africa will rise to 55 million by 2045, up from 24 million this year.

Harassing the organizers of peaceful protests in Cuba violates the State’s obligations, says rapporteur

An everyday image of Havana.

UN News

An everyday image of Havana.

The special rapporteur on freedom of association and peaceful assembly, Clement Voule, reminded the Cuban authorities of his “Obligation to protect and facilitate expression through peaceful protest”, four days before the marches called for November 15 by civil society groups.

“It violates the State’s obligations to harass and intimidate the organizers to prevent peaceful protests,” adds Voule on his Twitter account.

“I am concerned about the announcement by the Attorney General that denies human rights defenders the right to march, violating fundamental rightss, ”he says, referring to the Cuban government’s decision not to authorize the protests. The rapporteur reminds the State “of its obligation to create a safe environment for expressing dissent and for civic participation.”

After the protests last July on the island, the High Commissioner for Human Rights showed his concern “for the alleged use of excessive force against protesters in Cuba and the arrest of a large number of people, including several journalists ”.

* The special rapporteurs are part of what is known as Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. The Special Procedures, the largest independent expert body in the UN human rights system, is the general name for the Council’s independent investigation and oversight mechanisms that deal with country-specific situations or thematic issues around the world. Special Procedures experts work on a voluntary basis; They are not UN personnel and do not receive a salary for their work. They are independent of any government or organization and provide their services on an individual basis.

Reference-news.un.org

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