COP-26, migrants in Belarus, Lopez Obrador at the UN, elections in Venezuela … Tuesday’s news
Emission cuts announced at COP26 will have a “minimal effect” on global warming
The new emission reduction commitments announced at the Climate Change Conference, COP26, will likely have a minimal effect on temperature rise this century.
In its annual report on the emissions gap last month, the United Nations Environment Program stated that current decarbonization plans – known as Nationally Determined Contributions – put the world on the path of a 2.7 degree warming in this century.
The emissions should be cut 55% to keep warming in line with 1.5º, the most ambitious goal of the Paris Agreement. With the commitments announced at the COP, the clipping is close to 8%.
During the first week of the conference, or just before, 33 countries announced new commitments, including Brazil, Argentina and India, the world’s fourth largest emitter.
But all these promises only marginally change the end result, which will be “very similar.”
“Right now, when we look at what has come in the additional promises frankly, it’s an elephant giving birth to a mouse“said the executive director of UNEP.
Inger Andersen welcomed the new carbon neutral commitments, which include actions such as reforestation to offset emissions, although he said details are lacking. “It is not good to see that commitments are generally vague, not very transparent, some have to do with greenhouse gases, others only with CO2, they are difficult to calculate and hold to account and many go beyond 2030, “he said.
UN agencies call for the political end of the use of migrants between Belarus and Poland
The UN agencies for refugees and migrants ask Belarus and Poland to be allowed immediate access to the group of people who are trapped at the border and assure that using these people for political ends is deplorable and must stop.
UNHCR and IOM have contacted both governments and are calling for an urgent resolution of the situation and to be able to access “immediately and without obstacles” the group to bring them help, identify people in need of international protection and allow those who wish to apply for asylum to do so.
After several people have died in recent weeks, the agencies say it is “imperative” to avoid further loss of life and that the “highest priority” must be to treat these people humanely.
“We are extremely concerned about the situation. And we have repeatedly said that Using refugees and migrants for political ends is deplorable and must stop”Said UNHCR spokeswoman Shabia Mantoo.
The two organizations have repeatedly reiterated to the Belarusian authorities the need to preserve the well-being of migrants and avoid creating difficult humanitarian situations.
WHO warns that vaccine syringes will be missing
© UNICEF / Francis Kokoroko
The World Health Organization says there may be a large shortage of vaccine syringes next year.
With a global manufacturing capacity of about 6 billion immunization syringes per year, by 2022 there could be a shortfall of more than 1 billion.
According to the WHO, more than 6.8 billion doses of COVID-19 vaccines have already been administered worldwide. This is almost twice the number of routine vaccinations given per year.
The poorest countries, which tend to place small orders and therefore do not have priority with manufacturers, could be particularly affected.
A serious consequence of the shortage could be the delay in routine immunizations and other health services. This could have an impact on public health for years if we have a generation of children who do not receive their childhood vaccines.“said Lisa Hedman, senior advisor to the World Health Organization (WHO) on access to medicines and health products.
WHO asks countries to plan ahead and order in bulk to give manufacturers some lead time.
President López Obrador of Mexico presents a plan against poverty at the UN
UN Mexico / Luis Arroyo
The president of Mexico, who has chaired a meeting of the Security Council. “It would be hypocritical to ignore that the main problem on the planet is corruption in all its dimensions: political, moral, economic, legal, fiscal and financial. It would be foolish to omit that corruption is the main cause of inequality, poverty, frustration, violence, migration and serious social conflicts. We are in decline because never before in the history of the world has so much wealth been accumulated in so few hands ”.
Andrés Manuel López Obrador presented a plan to achieve a “decent life” for 750 million poor people around the world who live on less than two dollars a day. The plan would require an investment of $ 1 trillion annually to be financed with a 4% of the income of the richest people in the world; 4% of the revenue of the 1000 largest corporations and 0.2% of the GDP of each G20 country.
The Mexican president also said that the unfair distribution of vaccines against COVID-19 has been a “painful failure.”
The deployment of electoral experts begins in Venezuela
ONU / Loey Felipe
This Tuesday a Panel of Electoral Experts made up of three members began to be deployed in Venezuela.
The Panel, which was announced a few weeks ago, will carry out an independent technical evaluation of the electoral system in the context of the regional and municipal elections of November 21, which will take place in Venezuela.
The Panel will remain in the country until shortly after election day. Panel members will meet with a wide range of political and civil society actors, as well as with electoral authorities and experts.
This type of electoral assistance has been provided by the UN in the past to other countries at its request. Unlike the UN electoral observation missions, which require a specific mandate from the Security Council or the General Assembly, the Electoral Expert Groups do not issue public statements of evaluation on the general development of the electoral process or its results.
Nevertheless, the Group will present an internal report to the General secretary with recommendations to reinforce future electoral processes. At the discretion of the Secretary-General, the recommendations made by the Group may be transmitted to the national authorities.
All members of the Panel of Experts have extensive electoral experience working for the United Nations in other contexts.
Elections in Nicaragua: Guterres remains concerned about the arbitrary detention of politicians, journalists and other civil society actors
FAO / Saul Palma
Following the holding of presidential elections last Sunday in Nicaragua that resulted in the re-election of President Daniel Ortea, the Secretary-General of the United Nations has taken note of the various opinions and concerns expressed by various member states and interested international parties.
“We do not participate in these elections, either through observers or with technical assistance or in any other way. So it is not for us to give a stamp of approval or disapproval to the elections. I am only commenting on the general situation, ”António Guterres’s spokesman declared this Tuesday at a press conference.
Stephane Dujarric recalled that the Organization was very direct in the pre-electoral period when it expressed its concern about the arrest of political and civic leaders and journalists.
Similarly, he pointed out that the Secretary General continues to be concerned about the arbitrary detention of a series of candidates, social leaders, human rights defenders, businessmen and reporters.
The spokesperson said that these arrests took place “in conditions that do not comply with the minimum international norms and standards of human rights” and asked the Nicaraguan authorities for the immediate release of these people.
In addition, it requested that the Government fully respect its obligations in the field of human rights, including the right to freedom of expression, assembly and association.
In the same way, it encouraged the Government of the Central American country to collaborate with international human rights mechanisms such as the Human Rights Council, and to allow access to the staff of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in compliance with their international commitments regarding fundamental guarantees.