January 20, 2022 5:27 pm

One hundred countries agree to reduce methane emissions by 30% by 2030

The European Union (EU) and USA promoted this Tuesday in the Glasgow Climate Summit (COP26) an alliance to reduce this decade by 30 % the methane emissions, a global pact against that powerful gas of greenhouse effect, less known than carbon dioxide. They have been joined by a hundred countries, with the notable exceptions of China, the India and Russia.

Around 30% of global warming since the Industrial Revolution is due to methane emissions. But it is one of the gases that we can cut faster

Ursula von der Leyen

Meeting this objective would limit the increase in temperatures in 0,2 ºC for 2050 and avoid 200,000 premature deaths, hundreds of thousands of emergency hospital admissions for asthma and the loss of 20 million tons of crops a year, according to the sponsors of the proposal.

“Around 30% of global warming since the Industrial Revolution is due to methane emissions”, but “it is one of the gases that we can cut the fastest. And doing so will immediately slow down climate change, “said the president of the European Commission (EC) at the presentation of the initiative. Ursula von der Leyen.

A greenhouse gas more powerful than CO2

The methane (CH4) comes mainly from landfills, of the livestock sector and from energetic, and it is this last area of ​​activity that presents “undoubtedly the most potential for reduction,” said Von der Leyen in that act of the COP26 program that is being held these days in the British city of Glasgow.

About half of the heat we experience comes from methane emissions, US President Joe Biden noted, describing one of several greenhouse gases, including nitrous oxide, tropospheric ozone. , water vapor or fluorinated gases.

The US president recalled that when the initiative was announced last September, only the EU and nine countries had joined it

Úrsula Von Der Leyden (European Commission)

The US president recalled that when the initiative was announced last September, only the EU and nine countries had joined it. Instead, it now exceeds a hundred, with partners such as Colombia, Togo, Vietnam, Brazil, Canada, Ecuador, Micronesia, Chile, Indonesia O Morocco.

Despite the absence of the three major emitters that drag the most in the climate fight, Russia, India and China, the signatory countries represent around the 70 % of the emissions of that gas.

30% reduction should be a start

“What we do between now and 2030 is going to have a significant impact on whether or not we can meet our long-term commitments,” said Biden, who is confident that it will be possible to go “beyond” that expected reduction of 30% of the CH emissions4, which the US will try to reduce in its agricultural sector and in its gas pipelines.

Methane is up to “80 times more destructive than CO2, and it is totally responsible for 0.5 degrees of warming of 1.1 ºC that we have today ”, explained the US special envoy against climate change, John Kerry.

Methane is up to 80 times more destructive than CO2, and is fully responsible for 0.5 degrees of the 1.1 ° C warming we have today

John Kerry (United States)

The pact seeks not only to reduce the amount of this gas that is released into the atmosphere, but also to develop “better inventory methodologies to quantify methane emissions.” This variance in the measurement methodologies explains that the data on the impact and origin of this gas dance slightly depending on the source consulted.

The environmental organization Greenpeace considered that this initiative “should be the beginning and not the end of the ambition to reduce this potent greenhouse gas, which has 28 times the warming potential of CO2“, And regretted that the signatories did not refer to” the reduction of meat, or promises to change the diet of the people in this commitment ”.

“All roads end up pointing to the need to eliminate fossil fuels from our energy system, and to eliminate industrial meat and dairy from our diets as soon as possible. This announcement eludes what is needed, ”said the head of the Greenpeace delegation at COP26 in a statement, Juan Pablo Osornio.

Reference-www.agenciasinc.es

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