They discover a fortified town of 5000 years ago in Granada
A group of archaeologists from the University of Granada (UGR) has discovered a 5000-year-old fortified citadel in the prehistoric site of Villavieja (Fuentes de Cesna, Algarinejo, Poniente Granadino).
The enclave is ascribed to the Copper Age, a cultural stage in which communities of prehistoric farmers and ranchers began to build the first stone wall architectures that delimited their settlements.
The enclave belongs to the Copper Age, a cultural stage in which prehistoric farmers and ranchers began to build the first walls
The researchers consider that this discovery is called to occupy “a prominent place within the archaeological sites of Andalusia”, as pointed out Antonio Morgado Rodriguez, scientist from the Department of Prehistory and Archeology who participates in the find.
The first results of the intervention are allowing to clarify the monumentality of the place and its exceptional degree of conservation.
General view of the wall of Villavieja, dated with an antiquity close to five millennia. / UGR
A jewel of Andalusian Prehistory
The Villavieja wall It was created on a raised platform that is visually projected onto an extensive landscape traversed by the Genil River. It is currently part of the Iznájar reservoir, which limits the provinces of Granada, Córdoba and Málaga.
The landscape domain is one of the attractions of this site located in the center of Andalusia. “The powerful line of the wall prints a mark of exceptionality, with a development of 300 meters in length that are perfectly visible and that close an area of 2.7 hectares”, details Antonio Morgado.
The presence of buttresses, which contributed to its stability and height, and of large semicircular towers attached to the main wall have been documented.
The intervention of this campaign is allowing to clarify details about its architecture. The presence of buttresses that contributed to its stability and height, currently with more than three meters of height preserved.
Along these buttresses appear large semicircular towers attached to the main wall. The team has also documented the existence of a leading wall that formed a corridor like a barbican.
The archaeological works begin to offer a building vision of Villavieja, which implied outstanding technological knowledge for these first prehistoric walled enclosures.
On a chronological level, Villavieja is contemporary with the well-known monumental complexes valued by Andalusia in The Millares of Almería and The Dolmens of Antequera. The exceptional conservation of the height of its wall, its monumentality and the vision of the landscape give this place values that make it “a jewel of Andalusian Prehistory for the 21st century”, underline the UGR researchers.
View of the tower documented by the excavation. / UGR
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